Ottawa housing starts jump 71% in Q1

Market still absorbing completed units, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corp. says

House construction
House construction

Mirroring a national trend, new home construction in Ottawa surged in the first three months of the year as developers broke ground on hundreds of new units, according to the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corp.

While housing starts were down 16 per cent year-over-year to 211 units in March, it failed to offset the strong start to 2017 in residential construction.

In the first quarter, developers started work on 1,354 new homes, up 71 per cent from the 793 units started during the same period last year, CMHC reported this week.

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Homebuilders in Ottawa are currently at their busiest in more than two years.

CMHC figures show there were 5,697 homes under construction in March, down slightly from 5,823 in February, but otherwise the highest on record since December 2014.

Local homebuilders appear to be having few problems selling units as they’re completed. The percentage of units absorbed – meaning the builder has a binding contract secured by a non-refundable deposit and signed by a qualified purchaser – upon completion stood at 88 per cent in March, roughly the same rate as over the past 10 months.

The uptick in new home construction comes as the federal government rapidly expands its headcount, pushing Ottawa-Gatineau’s unemployment rate to its lowest level in seven years. Economists had broadly predicted that residential construction in Ottawa would accelerate as the Trudeau government increased spending.

Nationally, the number of new homes that began construction in Canada last month hit their highest level since September 2007, the latest sign of a boom in the housing market that many fear is overheating.

The seasonally adjusted annual rate of housing starts for March came in at 253,720 units, up from 214,253 in February, CMHC said.

Economists had expected a reading of 215,000 for last month, according to Thomson Reuters.

In Toronto, where concerns of a housing bubble are most pronounced, the annual pace of housing starts was 53,021, up from 36,389 the month before.

“The supply response in Toronto is particularly welcome, given the white-hot pace of price growth and dearth of inventory on the market,” said TD Bank senior economist Michael Dolega in a research note.

“The completion of these units should help take some steam out of Toronto’s home price growth, although this won’t happen overnight and is likely a story for next year and beyond.”

The gain in national housing starts helped push CMHC’s trend measure, a six-month moving average of the monthly seasonally adjusted annual rate, to 211,342 units in March, up from 205,521 in February.

The annual pace of urban starts increased by 20.2 per cent to 235,674 units, boosted by an increase in multi-unit starts.

Multi-unit urban starts increased by 30.2 per cent to 160,989, while single-detached urban starts increased by 3.1 per cent to 74,685 units. Rural starts were estimated at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 18,046.

A lack of supply has been one factor some have pointed to as a reason for the recent surge in Toronto home prices.

Politicians have faced calls in recent months to address soaring home prices in the city amid worries the market is in a bubble. The average selling price in the Greater Toronto Area in March was up by roughly a third compared with a year ago.

Ontario Finance Minister Charles Sousa has promised housing affordability measures in the upcoming budget, raising the possibility of a tax on foreign investors, speculators or vacant homes.

Both a vacant homes tax and a foreign buyer tax have been implemented in Vancouver, where sales volume has cooled.

The better-than-expected housing starts figures follow strong jobs results for March and add to the case that the economy is gaining momentum.

“With an early-year flurry of new activity, it looks like residential construction could add more support to Canadian growth than many are thinking for 2017,” wrote Robert Kavcic, senior economist at BMO Capital Markets, in a research note.

The Bank of Canada’s spring monetary policy report and rate announcement is scheduled for Wednesday. Governor Stephen Poloz has stressed the importance of remaining cautious, though economists expect the central bank to upgrade its forecast for growth.

– With reporting by the Canadian Press

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