Ottawa-Gatineau builders had so many ongoing projects heading into 2019 that few resources remained to start new builds – thereby driving down the number of local housing starts in January, according to a Canada Mortgage and Housing Corp. report released Friday.
Ottawa homebuilders started work on just 185 units last month, a drop of 56 per cent from 2018 and the lowest mark for January in more than two decades, CMHC reported. Ottawa saw 78 starts on single-detached homes and 109 starts on new multi-unit residential buildings this past month, respectively down 37 per cent and 64 per cent from last year.
CMHC noted that the number of units already under construction in January was historically high, leaving builders unable to launch many new projects in the month.
New construction was slow in Gatineau as well: Work started on 64 units last month, down 72 per cent year-over-year. Just two of those starts were single-detached homes, but CMHC added that demand for new rental housing units remains high due to an aging population and a low residential vacancy rate in the city.
Overall, the National Capital Region saw a 62 per cent decline in January housing starts compared with 2018 figures.
Nationally, CMHC said the annual pace of housing starts slowed in January, dropping less than was expected for the start of the year.
The federal housing agency said the seasonally adjusted annual rate came in at 207,968 units for the first month of the year, compared with 213,630 in December.
Economists had expected an annualized pace of 205,000 for January, according to Thomson Reuters Eikon.
"After recent declines, the national trend in housing starts held steady in January and remained above historical average," said Bob Dugan, CMHC's chief economist, in a release.
"While single-detached starts continued to trend lower in January, this was offset by an uptick in the trend for multi-unit dwellings in urban centres.”
CMHC's data showed the annual pace of urban starts slowed 2.1 per cent in January to 190,912 units as single-detached urban starts fell 10.4 per cent to 44,559 units.
The annual pace of multiple-unit projects such as condominiums, apartments and townhouses increased 0.7 per cent to 146,353 units, while rural starts were estimated at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 17,056 units.
In Vancouver, where the housing market has long been considered among the country's most heated, CMHC said housing starts were holding steady after trending lower in the second half of 2018.
In Toronto, housing starts saw little change, although increasing borrowing costs meant pre-construction sales of new homes remain low. CMHC said they expect this to result in even fewer units breaking ground this year.
BMO Capital Markets senior economist Robert Kavcic said in a note to investors that the level of activity across Ontario shows that "there is supply coming in the market."
But he cautioned, "Maybe it's not exactly the right mix and location, but there is supply coming to meet robust demand."
Looking at other regions, CMHC said it observed housing starts slowing in Quebec and rising in Alberta from low levels. New Brunswick experienced a 33 per cent spike in starts when compared with last year. CMHC said the spike largely stemmed from multiple-unit starts.
CIBC senior economist Nathan Janzen said in a note to investors that based on CMHC's observations he expects housing starts nationally to begin to slow "more significantly" later in the year.
"New building activity has yet to follow home resales significantly lower...(but) there appears to be more strong building activity in the pipeline with permit issuance running at a 240k per month annualized rate in Q4 2018," he concluded.
"Housing starts typically follow resales with a lag, though."
– With files from Canadian Press